ABS -. Mainly in use for waste water lines, ABS is a kind of plastic pipe in black.
Adaptor (Plumbing) – It is a mechanism used to connect pipes in different sizes.
Air Chamber – It is a vertical pine filled with air that absorbs pressure and prevents water hammering when the water flow is stopped through the valve.
Alignment and Depth Control Device – It is a product that places nails in such a way below the floors so as to eliminate squeaking.
Ampacity – It is the current carrying capacity of a wire. For example, 20 amps of current can be borne by a 12 gauge electrical copper wire.
Amperage or AMPS – It is the measuring unit of electrical current.
Anchor Bolts –
1. Bolts are used to attach the framing of the house to its foundation and are “L” shaped.
2. Used to attach two items.
APA Plywood (APA) – It is the kind of Plywood that is approved by the American Plywood Association.
Asbestos – It is an inorganic fibre (magnesium silicate) used in various kinds of constructions. It is resistant to fire and is extremely stable. However, exposure to it for a long duration can cause many lung ailments.
Asphalt – It is a waterproof bituminous material used mainly in roofing.
Asphalt Plastic Cement – It is asphalt based cement that is used for bonding roofing materials. It also goes by names such as flashing cement or mastic.
Awl – It is a tool used for punching holes in wood or leather and has a long, sharp, pointed end.
Backflow – A negative pressure in the pipe can cause a reverse flow of water in the supply pipe, and is called a backflow.
Baseboards – The finish strips between the floor and the wall are called baseboards.
Base sheet – Built-up roofing’s bottom layer is called base sheet.
Beam – It is a structure that is meant to carry loads like a roof, and spans an open space.
Blue Print(s) – It is the drawing of the structure created by a designer or architect to be translated into actual construction.
Board Foot – it is a square block of wood measuring 12 inches and is one inch thick.
Boot – The electric service, plumbing vent pipes, air vents, and exhaust fan flashing have rubber seals around them called boots.
Branch Circuit (Electrical) – It is the circuit wiring running between a service panel to an outlet, protected by fuses and breakers at the panel.
Built-up Beam (or Girder) – Scabbing two or more pieces of lumber creates a girder.
Built-up Roof – The type of roof created by applying layers of roofing felt and asphalt to give a commercial or “flat” finish.
Cantilever – A part of a structure projecting beyond its original support and being balanced on the main body.
Cap Sheet – Built op roofing has a top layer called cap sheet.
Casement Window – A window opening like a normal door with the help of vertical hinges on the side.
Cast-Iron Pipe (Plumbing) – Drain pipes made of cast iron.
Chimney Pots: Decorative flues on top of chimneys are chimney pots.
Chip Brush – A small paintbrush used for painting in tight spaces is a chip brush.
Circuit – It is a network of wires that transfers electricity to outlets and brings it back to the panel box.
Circuit Breaker – It is device that is used to cut the electrical supply throughout the building/house or limit the amount of power being transferred by the circuit.
Closet Auger – A tool needed to clear waste at the mouth of the waste pipe.
Closet Flange – It is a floor flange that has a toilet mounted directly over it and is secured with anchors or screws.
Cold Process Adhesive – It is an adhesive for securing joints of roofing without torching equipment.
Combination Primer/Sealer: Material for sealing the surface and ensuring the fesh paint has a strong bond.
Complementary Color Scheme: Colours from opposite ends of a colour wheel make a complementary colour scheme.
Concealed Nail Method – The process where nails are covered with cement or other materials, thus concealing them.
Concrete – It is a popular construction material made up of cement, sand, and gravel.
Contractor – A person/company holding a licence for doing constructions.
Coverage – Protection of a structure via roofing that depends on the layers and materials being used in the process.
Curing (Paint) – When paint bonds to a surface, it is called curing.
Deck – The surface supported by framing members and on which one applies the roofing.
Drip Edge – It is a structure used to create water runoff to clear underlying construction.
Double-hung Windows: It is the most popular style for windows.
Drum Sander: A large machine almost the size of a lawn mower used for sanding floors.
Drywall or Gypsum Wallboard (GWB) or Sheet rock or Plasterboard – Gypsum plaster inside a thin cardboard leading to a well finished panel.
Eaves – The horizontal overhang beyond the vertical wall of the roof’s edge which is non-sloping.
Energy Envelope – A home’s heating and cooling is maintained within a seal called the energy envelope.
Felt – Material used for underlayment created by saturating with asphalt.
Fixture base – The wiring of the ceiling lighting/fan is held in the fixture base which hold the ceiling box and ensures electricity provision to the fixture.
Floatball – It is the ball that cuts of water supply in the toilet tank when the level rises so much that it threatens to overflow.
Footing – It is a base for supporting the foundation or piers created by widening the ground base.
Forced Air Heating – Heating caused by use of natural gas, propane, electricity, or oil, and distributed through metal plastic ducts.
Framing – The elements such as metal or wood used to build most homes.
Fuse – A device to prevent electrical line overload.
Gasket (Plumbing) – A device used to prevent leaks by sealing joints.
GFI or GFCI or Ground Fault Current Interrupter – It is an essential device that prevents harm while coming in contact with electrical devices.
Girdle – A girdle helps to support structures at isolated lengths in a house and is a large principle beam made of steel, concrete, wood or their combination.
Glass-Base – It is a base sheet for roll roofing built on fibreglass.
Glass-Seal – Fibreglass singles form a 3-tab sealing with a layer of weathering grade asphalt for waterproof protection.
Gutter – Water is channelled from the eaves to the downspouts through the trough named gutter.
Hip Roof – A roof with no gables and sloping on all sides is called a hip roof.
Hacksaw – It is a saw used to cut trough metal.
Hole Saw – It is a saw used to create holes.
Joists – Joists are 2” x 10” pieces of lumber used for structural framing.
Labour Hour – The measurement of a person’s labour input in an hour.
Lap – The covering of one roll surface with another is called a lap.
Latchbolt – It is a locking system through which a part of the latch goes in through the edge of the door.
Ledger – Joist or rafter ends are supported by wood or metal pieces attached to the bean.
Level – Any horizontal surface with same elevation is called level.
Linoleum – It is a flooring material which is made from natural products and is very durable.
Load Bearing Wall – The wall that supports not only its own weight but also other elements like the roof or ceiling is a load bearing wall.
Main Vent (or Stack) – It is the principal vent. Branch vents are connected to it.
Manufactured Wood – Smaller wood pieces are used to manufacture a special wood product used in structures.
Manufacturers Specifications – The manufacturer issues instructions that need to be followed for product maintenance.
Mobile Home Aluminum Roof Coating – It is particular type of roofing through which the mole home’s life is prolonged and which provides a decorative surface. It also reduces energy costs and reflects sun’s rays.
Molding – Producing large and decorative finish strips is called molding.
Mortar – Cement, bricks and stone when mixed together produces mortar.
National Electric Code (NEC) – NEC is the code that determines use of electricity and appliances so as to ensure maximum safety.
National Fire Prevention Association (NFPA): NFPA issues guidelines and rules so that fire breakouts can be prevented.
Nesting – It is a process of reroofing with new asphalt.
Non-Slip Silicate – It is a coating used on floors to prevent the slippery feel caused by a smooth finish.
Pallets – These are platforms made of wood used to store and ship shingle bundles.
Parapet – The wall at the end of the roof that prevents mishaps.
Payment Schedule – The contractual agreement on payment to the contractor based on the amount of work completed.
Permanent Furnace Filter – It is a filter that blocks debris from entering the furnace and is washable.
PEX (cross-linked polyethylene): It is a pipe used in residential use.
Permit – The approval by Government to do construction work of any kind.
Plunger – It is a plumbing device that loosens and dislodges clogs by the use of suction.
Ply – Roofing has a number of layers like one ply, two ply and so on.
Ply Sheet – It is a layer in built up roofing.
Post – A beam is carried by a vertical framing member called the post.
Pressure Relief Valve – A mounted device that releases pressure in a heater/boiler thus preventing explosions.
PVC (Polyvinyl Choride) or CPVC – Water supply lines sometimes use PVC or CPVC which is a white plastic pipe.
Quick-setting cement – Asphalt based cement used for adhering in two cases: tabs of stripped shingles to the course below, and roofling laps in the concealed nail method.
Quote or Quotation – Rate provided by contractor or sub-contractor for materials or for doing the job.
Rafter – Roof sheathing is supported by the framing member called the rafter.
Rebar – It is a rod of steel placed in concrete.
Reciprocating Saw – With the use of the proper blade moving in an upright piston-like manner, a reciprocating saw can cut almost any material.
Resilient Flooring – A flooring which is so durable that it can resume its original shape is called resilient flooring.
Release Tape – Self Sealing Shingles are prevented from sticking together with the help of a plastic or paper strip called the release tape.
Ridge – The angle formed at the intersection of two ridge planes.
Roofing Membrane – Waterproof layers covering the roof deck is called roofing membrane.
Rough Flooring – Floor Sheathing and materials used to build it.
R Value – It is a measuring unit to gauge the resistance of the insulation to heat flow.
Sash – The glass of the window is held in its place by the structure called sash.
Security Light: It is a kind of light that senses presence of others using infrared or microwave sensors.
Selvage (Selvedge) – An overlapped portion of the roof used to obtain double coverage.
Setback Thermostat – A thermostat that can be adjusted to varied temperatures using the in-built clock.
1. Grade boards used in the exteriors.
2. The studs and the siding in a structure have panels laid in between called sheaths.
Shingle – It is a product created with machine sawn wood.
Soffit – The finished eaves’ underside.
Soil Stack – The roof is penetrated by a vent pipe called the soil stack.
Standard Practices of the Trade(s) – The commonly followed constructional standards.
Tab – Defined by cut outs, Tab is the exposed part of the strip shingle.
Tongue and Grove – It is a kind of lumber machine.
Treated Lumber – Lumber treated with chemicals to reduce future damage.
Truss – It is a kind of manufactured wood used to form ceiling joints or rafters.
U.L. – Underwriters Laboratories is a private research organisation in the U.S. that classifies and determines safety of various products and materials.
Ultraviolet Degradation – Exposure to UV light can cause reductions in the performance of materials or products, commonly called as Ultraviolet degradation.
Valley – Intersecting sloping roof planes form an inward angle called the valley.
Vent – A pipe or stack used as an outlet for air.
Watt – The electricity requirement by a product is called watt.
Wet- or Dry-Surface Plastic Roof Cement – It is a kind of cement used for superior performance.
Zoning – Limiting the use of property via governmental measures is called zoning.